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[1], The Jehovah's Witnesses in Iceland were 608, or 0.17% of the population, as of 2020. There are no synagogues or prayer houses in the country. https://icelandmag.visir.is/article/00-icelanders-2... All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. However, it took many decades for Lutheranism to be firmly established in Iceland. As of 2019, it had 2,841 registered members, or 0.8% of all the Icelanders). Iceland was under Danish rule until the late 19th century, when they created their own constitution. Both the missions were unsuccessful: Stefnir violently destroyed temples and ancestral shrines, leading the Althing to enact a law against Christians—who were declared frændaskomm, a "disgrace on one's kin", and could now be denounced—and to outlaw Stefnir, who returned to Norway; Thangbrand, a learnt but violent man, succeeded in converting some important families, but he also had many opponents, and, when he killed a poet—who had composed verses against him—, he was outlawed and he too went back to Norway. Квартиры, виллы, участки, коттеджи и дома на Северном Кипре. He was a valued author of books for children, written in German, and even appeared on postage stamps. His failure had Olaf send a priest named Thangbrand whom was able to make some progress in the Christianisation of Iceland but failed as well. After the event, in 986 Fridrek returned to Saxony while Thorvald embarked for Viking expeditions in Eastern Europe. [1], From the 1970s there has been a rebirth of the northern Germanic religion in Iceland. A few years later, these provisions allowing private cults were abolished. [7], The religion was named Goðatrú or Ásatrú, "truth of the gods". This article is about the demographic features of the population of Iceland, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is recorded in the Eyrbyggja saga that as Norway was being Christianised, a pagan temple was dismantled there to be reassembled in Iceland. By Nikhil Budathoki on April 25 2017 in Society. [14], The decision of the Althing was a turning point; before that, it was difficult for individuals to convert to Christianity, since it would have meant to abandon the traditions of one's own kin, and would have been seen as ættarspillar—"destruction of kinship". 1. Article 64: No one may lose any of his civil or national rights on account of his religion, nor may anyone refuse to perform any generally applicable civil duty on religious grounds. The settlement of Iceland began in the year 874 AD when a Viking chieftain from Norway, Ingólfr Arnarson, became the island’s first permanent settler.More Norwegians some Scandinavians as well followed through the centuries. Yet faith is to be found less amongst the young. What is then the status of Religion in Iceland nowadays? Younger people and … He also imprisoned Gissur's appointed successor. Iceland is the oldest democracy in the world. as the years pass, fewer and fewer Icelanders identify as Christians while the poll found that 61.1% of Icelanders do believe in God. There were 652 icelanders registered in the Buddhist Association in 2007. Atheism is the rejection of religion and having no faith in a god while agnosticism is being uncertain. Fifty-four percent of Icelanders either believe in them or say it’s possible they exist. Cap..[25], In the twentieth century, Iceland had some notable converts to Catholicism, including Halldór Laxness and Jón Sveinsson. After killing two men in a conflict, Thorvald escaped and fled from Iceland. The Kings of Norway sent immense pressure to Iceland for them to convert to Christianity after Olaf Tryggvason sat on the throne of Norway. Bishop Gissur, who was ordained by the Danish bishop Peder Palladius, reorganised the church in his diocese according to Lutheran principles, including the suppression of Catholic ceremonies and the exhortation of clergy marriage. Iceland has had the highest agriculture, value added > current US$ per capita since 1976. It all settled when at a meeting the Icelanders decided by arbitration to be a Christian nation. The total area of Iceland is 103,000 km 2 (39,769 mi 2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division . Iceland Demographics. [9], Christian missionaries began to be active in Iceland by 980. Believers of Odin and Thor awaiting Ragnarok are what Iceland used to be composed of. Religion in Iceland. If you think religion belongs to the past and we live in a new age of reason, you need to check out the facts: [28], There are very few Baptists in Iceland, members of churches such as the First Baptist Church and the Emmanuel Baptist Church (both with 35 members in 2019[1]) and the Upstairs Room (Loftstofan) Baptist Church. Nothing may however be preached or practised which is prejudicial to good morals or public order. After one day and one night, he decided that, in order to keep peace, the population had to be united under one law and one religion, Christianity, and all the non-Christians among the population would have received baptism. [1], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints had 162 registered members in Iceland as of 2019. Religion in Iceland has been predominantly Christian since the adoption of Christianity as the state religion by the Althing under the influence of Olaf Tryggvason, the king of Norway, in 999/1000 CE. [1] Another 6.96% of the population were registered as having no religious affiliation in 2019.[1]. [29], Eastern Orthodox Christianity has a presence in Iceland with the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Russian Orthodox Church. [24], As of 2019, 80.17% of the Icelanders were affiliated with some religion officially recognised by the government and listed in the civil registry, 13.02% were members of some unspecified other religions not registered within the civil registry, and 6.96% were unaffiliated with any religion. Iceland was visited by several missionaries in 980 and the first of them was a Icelander whom returned from abroad to spread “the word of God”. [17], Lutheran pamphlets were introduced in Iceland through trade with Germany. In 2020, there were roughly 10,000 more male than female inhabitants. [1] Catholics are organised in the Diocese of Reykjavík, led by the bishop Dávid Bartimej Tencer (1963–), O.F.M. In Iceland, 57 percent of respondents stated they were religious, 31 percent described themselves as non-religious, ten percent declared themselves to be convinced atheists, while two percent would either not answer the question or didn’t know how to respond. He had to change his name to Ari Singh, as the Icelandic government does not issue citizenship to non-Icelandic first names. The ministers of the church are civil servants and receive their salaries from the state. Olaf sent an Icelander with the name Stefnir Thorgilsson to convert Iceland. There are so many factors that truly define and properly explain the history of a specific location. Church manuals and hymnals were in bad Danish translations, and new schools had to be set up in cathedral towns to train the Lutheran clergy. Almost 5% of people practice ásatrú, the … [4], When Iceland was first settled by Norwegians (but also by some Swedes and people from the Norse settlements in Britain[6]) in the mid-9th century, approximately in 870,[7] it was inhabited by a small number of Irish Christian anchorites known as papar (singular papi). The first consecrated bishop in Iceland was Ísleif Gizursson, who from 1057 to his death in 1080 was the bishop of Skálholt. A royal emissary was sent to uphold the ordinance, and Øgmundur was arrested and died on the way to Denmark. [1], As of 2019, 76.84% of the Icelandic people were registered as Christians, most of them belonging to the Church of Iceland and minor Lutheran free churches. Don’t be surprised if you find someone burping, slurping, or farting in your general company. However… Iceland is not as religious as statistics might indicate. Bishop Palladius was in charge of the development of the Icelandic Lutheran church in those early years. Iceland is starting 2020 by declaring all religions to be psychological disorders. [1] It was introduced by the American Amelia Collins (later recognized as a prominent Baháʼí Hand of the Cause) in 1924; the first Icelander who converted was a woman named Hólmfríður Árnadóttir. The country is in very good economic standing with a very low unemployment rate. Gissur was only 25 years old and it was difficult for him to maintain power, especially as he was opposed by the clergy and even by the old bishop. Iceland then turned its eyes to Lutheranism back in 1550. Religion Granted by the means of the constitution, the state church in Iceland is the Evangelical Lutheran Church. After a legal struggle, the original directors were reinstated as the leaders of the movement, and by October 2017, after two years of frozen activity, the case was closed allowing the church to dispose of its taxes. The poll, which was conducted by the polling firm Maskína on behalf of Siðmennt, The Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association, an association of Icelandic atheists, found that 46.4% of Icelanders identify as religious, which is the lowest figure to date. In late 2015, the Board of Directors of the Zuist Church was hijacked by people who were unrelated to the movement, and under the new leadership Zuism was turned into a medium for a protest against the state church and the Icelandic church tax (sóknargjald). The 12% has made Iceland in the top 10 atheist populations of the world. Iceland had no distinguishable upper class for 700 years, so they are not as bothered as the rest of the world about going about their natural business. In 1538, the "Church Ordinance" (the royal invitation to convert) was put before the two bishops Øgmundur and Jón at the Althing, but it was rejected. [26], As of 2019, 0.6% of the Icelanders were registered as members of the Pentecostal Church of Iceland. Iceland then remained officially catholic until the reformation era. [1], As of 2019, 0.18% of the Icelanders were registered as members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. [23] This church has kept the principle of funds' redistribution among members, which is called amargi. [15], The last two Catholic bishops of Iceland were Øgmundur Pállson of Skálholt and Jón Arason of Hólar. As of 2020 they had 377 members (0.1% of the population) and 742 members (0.20%), respectively. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin. [7], The first Icelanders, though accustomed to a society in which the monarch was essential for religious life, did not establish a new monarchy in the colony, but rather a yearly assembly of free men, the Althing. [27] A family history center for the church is located in the Mormon meetinghouse of Reykjavík. Iceland has a long history of farm wor… [15] Despite the official Christianisation, the old Germanic religion persisted for long time, as proven by the literature produced by Snorri Sturluson—himself a Christian—and other authors in the 13th century, who composed the Prose Edda and the Poetic Edda. Theosophical Society's building in Reykjavík. However most of them 79,1% are members of the Icelandic National Church (Lutheran). Although most Icelanders deplored the persecutions of Jews during the Second World War, they usually refused entry to Jews who were fleeing Nazi Germany, so the Jewish population did not rise much during the war.[34]. A new … Iceland is traditionally a matriarchal (led by women) society. Icelands total population was 307,672 and about 80% of the population is registered in the Lutheran Church of Iceland. [6], At this point, Olaf Tryggvason suspended Iceland's trade with Norway (a concrete threat for Icelandic economy) and threatened to kill Icelanders residing in Norway (who were for the most part sons and relatives of prominent goðar) as long as Iceland remained a pagan country. As of 2019, 80.17% of the Icelanders were affiliated with some religion officially recognised by the government and listed in the civil registry, 13.02% were members of some unspecified other religions not registered within the civil registry, and 6.96% were unaffiliated with any religion. [20] As of 2019, about 1.25% of the Icelanders registered as members of the Ásatrúarfélagið (literally "Ese-truth Fellowship"). There are, however, a Sri Chinmoy centre, Ananda Marga, and other organisations of meditation and philosophy. Interior of the Lutheran cathedral of Skálholt. miles). Zuism, unlike other religions, promised to share among its adherents the money it receives from the tax, so that in a few weeks thousands of people joined the church. [1] Catholics were 3.92%, and a further 7.77% of the Icelanders were adherents of some other Christian denomination. The Norsemen had rich cosmology with mythology and held festivals celebrating the “divine”. Jón Arason was consequently outlawed by the king, he was arrested with two of his sons, and all three were executed in November 1550. However, some Christians had acquired high positions in the goðorð system and therefore considerable power in the Althing. The religio-political organisation of early Iceland has been defined as "pagan and anti-monarchic", which distinguished it from other Germanic societies. He cut trade with Iceland and took plenty of hostages such as the sons of Icelandic chieftains and threatened to kill them unless they became Christians. [1], As of 2019, the Catholic Church is the largest non-Lutheran form of Christianity in Iceland, accounting for 3.92% of the population, many of whom are immigrant Poles. [22], Since the late 20th century there has been a rapid diversification of religious life in the country. Jón was a poet of some importance and was married with many children, a usual thing among the clergy in Iceland. [9], Apart from the Irish papar, Christianity had been present in Iceland from the start even among the Germanic settlers. Today paganism consists of .97% of their population while over 70% of the country is Christian with 12% being Atheist or Agnostic. [9] These first Christians were probably influenced by contact with Norse people in Britain, where Christianity already had a strong presence. [1] The Reykjavíkurgoðorð ("Reykjavík God-word") is another independent Heathen group and it had 26 members in 2019. Iceland religion and beliefs. In the early years of Iceland, the people held on to their Norse mythology belief system, but when Olaf Tryggvason of Norway ascended the throne in 995 AD, he started the process of converting the people to the Christian faith. Before that, between the 9th and 10th century, the prevailing religion among the early Icelanders (mostly Norwegian settlers fleeing Harald Fairhair's monarchical centralisation in 872–930) was the northern Germanic religion, which persisted for centuries even after the official Christianisation of the state. The Danish scholar of religion Margit Warburg speculates that the Icelandic people are culturally more open to religious innovation. In 1980 Iceland became the first country in the world to elect a woman as president. [35] Ananda Marga was an officially registered religion since 2019, with 5 members.[1]. They were unsuccessful and even had a clash with pagans at the Althing, killing two men. The two bishops, who were not well versed in theology but were men of great power, were in conflict with one another and threatened open conflict. [20], In 1972, four men proposed to found an organisation for the revitalisation of the pre-Christian northern Germanic religion. The state church is the Evangelical Lutheran Church, of which 92.2 percent of the population are nominal if not practicing members. The most notable phenomenon has been a rise of Neopagan religions, especially Heathenry, in Iceland also called Ásatrú, "truth of the gods", the return to Germanic religion. Agnostics accept the possibility of faiths being wrong or right and these two ideologies (Atheism and Agnosticism) have been on the rise in the west as technological advancements are being made. Freedom of religion. He entrusted Oddur Gottskálksson with the translation of German sermons, and he himself translated parts of the Old Testament and the Church Ordinance. Almost 90 percent of Icelandic women work outside the home. At first, it was maintained the right for people to sacrifice to the old gods in private, though it was punishable if witnesses were provided. [31], The largest Buddhist organisation in Iceland, the Buddhist Association of Iceland, had 1,117 members in 2019, or 0.31% of the population. Understanding these factors about some specific locations, help individuals from other locations truly define other locations. A religion based on beliefs from thousands of years ago is allowing some Icelandic citizens to avoid mandatory religious taxes. [1] It is a reinstitution of the Sumerian religion, and Zuists worship An (the supreme God of Heaven), Ki (the Earth), as well as Enlil and Enki, Nanna (the Moon) and Utu (the Sun), Inanna (Venus), Marduk (Jupiter), Nabu (Mercury), Nergal (Mars), Ninurta (Saturn), and Dumuzi. [18], The most important figure in early Icelandic Lutheranism was, however, Gissur Einarsson, who during a period of study in Germany learned about the Reformation. Currently, 94.3 % of the population of Iceland is urban (319,637 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Iceland is 3 people per Km 2 (9 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 100,250 Km2 (38,707 sq. This may have been assisted by the Icelandic language's literary tradition that predates the island's conversion to Christianity, the Eddas and the Sagas, which are well known by most Icelanders, providing an unbroken link with the pagan past. [30], In 2015, the Zuism religion was used to protest the law mandating affiliation to an official religion and payment of a church tax (sóknargjald). [11], The adoption of Christianity—which then was still identical to the Catholic Church—as the state religion (kristnitaka, literally the "taking of Christianity"[12]), and therefore the formal conversion of the entire population, was decided by the Althing in 999/1000,[9] pushed by the king of Norway, Olaf Tryggvason. Their dominant faith before 1000 A.D was Paganism. Formal religious affiliation in Iceland (2020)[1]. Irreligion is prevalent in Iceland, with approximately 10% of the population identifying as "convinced atheists" and a further 30% identifying as non-religious.Since the 20th century, irreligion has seen steady growth. Ásatrú, as it has been practiced in Iceland, is a religion of … In responding to the question, Icelanders proved themselves to be 57% religious, 31% ‘not religious,’ and 10% atheist. [33], The Jewish population in Iceland is not large enough to be registered as a separate religious group. When Lutheranism became the state religion of Denmark and Norway under king Christian III, the king tried to convert Iceland too. The three Islamic organisations of Iceland are the Muslim Association of Iceland, the Muslim Cultural Centre of Iceland and the Islamic Cultural Centre of Iceland, respectively with 552, 394, and 188 members in 2019. English is widely spoken and understood. It is similar to the Norwegian Humanist Association, and like it is recognised as a life stance community by the state since 2013, and therefore can receive funds from the state. For instance, Aud the Deep-Minded was among the baptised and devout Christians and she established a Christian cross on a hill, where she prayed; her kinsmen later regarded the site as sacred, and they built an Ásatrú temple there. Iceland's sex ratio was more favored towards men than women. [18] In 1552 the Hólar diocese also accepted the Church Ordinance. [1], Islam is the religion of a small minority in Iceland. [8] The migration of Norwegians was partly in response to the politics of Harald Fairhair, who was unifying Norway under a centralised monarchy. Other Lutherans constitute 3.1 percent of the population, Catholics 0.9 percent, and others 3.8 percent. 91.1% of the residents of Iceland are Icelandic citizens and 15.7% are foreign-born. [1] The church itself claims a higher number of 277 members in two branches (Reykjavík and Selfoss). One of them was the Icelandic native Thorvald Konradsson, who had been baptised on the continent by the Saxon bishop Fridrek, with whom he preached the gospel in Iceland in 981, converting only Thorvald's father Konrad and his family. When he went back to Iceland, he became the secretary of the bishop of Skálholt and translated the New Testament into the Icelandic language. The category of the "unaffiliated" comprises citizens who are not registered as members of any religious organisation. As of 2020, the Icelandic population stands at a little over 360,000. Collectively they accounted for 0.41% of the Icelanders as of 2019. There are between 15 and 25 Sikh families in Iceland. Atheism is the rejection of religion and having no faith in a god while agnosticism is being uncertain. [10] Among the first settlers, the vast majority were worshippers of the Germanic gods, and organised Christianity probably died out in one or two generations. [1], In 2019, 65.15% of the Icelanders were registered as members of the national Church of Iceland. In 1584 the first Icelandic translation of the Bible was published. Other people worshipped Freyr, as attested in the Víga-Glúms saga. The able and energetic Gudbrandur Thorláksson, bishop of Hólar from 1571 to 1627, devoted his energies in improving church literature, clergy training and community education. It is a religion of peace and tolerance. Article 62: The Evangelical Lutheran Church shall be the State Church in Iceland and, as such, it shall be supported and protected by the State. Since 2000s they are trying to get their own gurdwara built. Meanwhile, in Iceland the situation was worsening, as the two religious factions had divided the country and a civil war was about to break out. See here in Icelands goverments official page: However, the mediation of the Althing, presided by the lawspeaker Thorgeir Thorkelsson, thwarted the conflict. Everyone shall be free to remain outside religious associations. Other Buddhist organisations present in Iceland are the Soka Gakkai International (with 179 members), Zen in Iceland (with 172 members), and the Tibetan Buddhist Fellowship (with 17 members). When Scandinavians began to arrive in larger numbers, the anchorites left of their own or were driven out. Iceland Says, “D’uh.” Iceland’s Prime Minister Andrew Kanard not only immediately signed the decree but is giving a full-throated defense of why religion is a psychological disorder: [20] In the 19th and early 20th centuries, religious life in Iceland, still mostly within the Christian establishment, was influenced by the spread of spiritualist beliefs. The "things" were assemblies of free men who governed Germanic societies, and they were led by a holy kingship. A large part of the population remain members of the Church of Iceland, but are actually irreligious and atheists, as demonstrated by demoscopic analyses. Organizers promised those registering with Zuism their church tax would be refunded. Since then, Iceland has flourished into a thriving community but its population has remained one of the smallest in Europe. Agnostics accept the possibility of faiths being wrong or right and these two ideologies (Atheism and Agnosticism) have been on the rise in the west as technological advancements are being made. Concerning other religious practices, the Icelanders followed Scandinavian norms; they built temples enshrining images of the gods. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Church of God Ministry of Jesus Christ International, Family Federation for World Peace and Unification, Scandinavians began to arrive in larger numbers, Reformation in Denmark–Norway and Holstein, "Aðskilnaður ríkis og kirkju: Upphaf almennrar umræðu 1878–1915", "Populations by religious and life stance organizations", "Constitution of the Republic of Iceland (No. The anchorites left of their own or were driven out, which occurred when Iceland began embrace. ] Ananda Marga was an officially registered religion since 2019, 65.15 % of the in. 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